Photo credit Unhindered by Talent
And here is this week’s Green numbers:
Today is the final day of IBM’s Global Eco-efficiency Jam (it finishes at 6pm CET today) and it has been awesome.
There have been hundreds of discussions on all manner of Eco-related topics – everything from LEED certification, to Green software engineering, to Energy Efficiency certificates to Smart cities and collaboration.
People have been asking questions like:
If environmental reporting and efficiency actions becomes the norm, what kinds of incentives and rebates are available to help improve the time to value and return on investments?
Currently this question has had 8 replies.
The question with the most replies (right now) is –
Would you use a mobility car service – like the bicycle rental scheme in Paris but with a small, probably electric vehicle – rather than public transportation or a taxi?
and so far it has had 78 responses!
Often answers to questions directly contradict one another – such as the following answers to the mobility question above:
Yes, I would. But more for fun or visiting a city. Visiting clients on e-bike wearing business dress is difficult
When Montreal introduced its version of V?lib, called Bixi, most people anticipated tourists would be the prime users. But looking around the city on a nice summer day, most the bikes are used by men and women in business suits, going from one building to the next. For short rides of 2-4 km, you needn’t even break a sweat.
These kind of contradictory answers are inevitable when the participants come from over 100 countries reflecting their country’s culture and infrastructure.
Other discussions were more straightforward
Looking beyond basic power policies on the operating system, do you have any form of PC power management operating on your PC at home or at work?
There is plenty of discussion on water as well with people discussing the merits of water metering, water harvesting and town/city water policies.
While I am contributing a bit to the discussions (I have added 39 posts and had 37 replies so far), I am learning a huge amount and coming into contact with participants I might never otherwise have met.
IBM should make this a regular event, no question.
[Disclosure] IBM asked me not to use the names of Jam participants in any blog posts I make here because IBM hadn’t sought their permission so I removed the names from the image above and didn’t credit people quoted above. If I have used your content and you are happy to have me credit you, let me know in the comments or by email ([email protected]) and I’m more than happy to do so.
Photo credit Hypergurl – Tanya Ann
I wrote a post a couple of days ago asking the question How long until all devices which consume water have networked flow meters? after talking to Oracle VP Industry Strategy, Guerry Waters about Oracle’s recently released “Testing the Water: Smart Metering for Water Utilities” study.
Having put the question out there, I’m now going to discuss some of the factors which will influence the answer!
The first thing to realise from the Oracle data is that 76% of homeowners in the US are concerned with the need to conserve water in their community and 71% believe that having access to detailed consumption data would encourage them to take steps to lower their water use. So barring and big PR disasters like the PG&E Smart electricity Meter fiasco in Bakersfield, it would seem that the vast majority of consumers are bought into the idea of having smart meters to help lower water consumption.
How about the utilities? It looks like if they do decide to rollout smart water meters, they’ll very much be pushing an open door.
Funnily enough this is where it starts to get a bit nuanced!
First off, 83% of utilities who have conducted a cost-benefit analysis (n=86) support the adoption of smart meter technology, so that’s a good start, right?
Well, yes, but what are the motivations of the utilities?
It turns out that they are far more interested in using smart meters to enable early leak detection than in supplying customers with tools to monitor/reduce their consumption!
Right away this is problematic, if the aims of the utilities and their customers are not aligned, then this will greatly complicate any rollouts. Also, if the utilities are not strongly focussed on providing consumers with tools to reduce their consumption, any such tools which are provided to homeowners would most likely be sub-optimal (an after-thought).
Then, when asked what they perceived as roadblocks, the water utilities cited the lack of cost recovery or measurable ROI as well as the up-front utility expenses required – in fact, 64% of utilities are not even currently considering a smart meter program!
So, until the water utilities are as enthusiastic to roll out smart meters as their counterparts in the electrical utilities are, then the day that we see all devices which consume water having networked flow meters is still a ways off.
Of course, in the case of the electric utilities, their enthusiasm is certainly not hurt by the amount of recovery act monies being pored into smart grids!
Photo credit bmitchellw
Oracle published the results of a very interesting study recently called Testing the Water: Smart Metering for Water Utilities.
Now, we have all heard about the compelling case for Smart Meters for electrical consumption (I have written and spoken about it extensively) but in this study Oracle asked utilities and their customers about the benefits of rolling out Smart Meters for managing water consumption.
Part of the reason for undertaking this study was that water shortages are already being seen in the South East United States, Western Canada, and Southern California.
In fact, according to the EPA’s WaterSense site:
- At least 36 states are projecting water shortages between now and 2013.
- Each American uses an average of 100 gallons of water a day at home.
- Approximately 5 to 10 percent of American homes have water leaks that drip away 90 gallons a day or more! Many of these leaks reside in old fixtures such as leaky toilets and faucets. If the 5 percent of American homes that leak the most corrected those leaks?it could save more than 177 billion gallons of water annually!
- The average [US] household spends as much as $500 per year on their water and sewer bill and can save about $170 per year by installing water-efficient fixtures and appliances.
Some of the results of the Oracle water study show that:
So, the public is concerned about water conservation and believes that more information would help them reduce their consumption of water. The majority of utility managers also believe smart meter technologies are critical, so things are looking rosy so far.
The data output from smart electricity meters is extremely granular and yields very specific energy footprints. With this data it is trivial to identify the devices using the energy down to make and model of the machine. However, this is not the case for smart water meters. Their output is far less granular – it will be quite difficult to map water consumption data from smart meters to individual devices within the house (unless there are flow meters attached to all the devices using water, for example).
What if though, you could tie-in the output of your electrical smart meter and your water smart meters? Analysing the data from the two meters it should be possible to identify at least some of the devices using water (fridge, dish washer, electric shower, etc.). Having this information tied-in to make and model of device would be extremely useful to help identify more water efficient appliances.
Because, for the most part, your water and electricity utilities are separate companies (or different business units within a utility), this is not a solution they are likely to pursue. However, there has been a surge in the number of 3rd party companies working on Home Management Software applications/devices.
Most recently we’ve seen that Apple are looking into the home energy management space, but others big names already involved include Google, Microsoft, Intel and Panasonic to name but a few.
With consumer’s actively interested in receiving more information about their energy and water usage and with the value that this data has, it is a no-brainer that Home Management Software will manage water consumption as well as energy in time.
How long before it is mandatory that all devices which consume water have networked flow meters and all homes have smart water meters?
I posted my video interview with IBM’s John Soyring previously as part of a round-up of my impressions of the IBM Connect09 event. I have since had the interview transcribed so I thought I’d post it once more as a stand-alone post, with the transcription – the content is that good.
Hi, everyone and welcome to GreenMonkTV. My guest in the show today is John Soyring from IBM. John you are a part of the IBM Software Group and we are at the Connect 09 Conference today and we are talking a lot about the Smarter Planet initiative from IBM. So IBM has traditionally been known as Big Blue. Are you guys now going to rebrand as Big Green?
Well, certainly someone referred to that, but blue is important too because of the color that water appears to many peoples as well and water is part of our projects.
The Blue Marble.
So tell us about some of the stuff you are doing around water, for instance, since you brought that out.
Yeah, I would be happy to. So we have selected water because we know that there is already a shortage, globally, of the amount of potable water available to people and the lack of potable water is a major cause of health problems in parts of the world and has adverse impacts on economy; so right now is a problem already, a pretty severe problem.
Secondly as you look at supply and demand the amount of fresh water on the face of the earth or drinkable water or water that’s easily purified to be drinkable is finite in nature, it hasn’t changed over centuries really and the total amount – it is a very significant amount.
Yet, the demand with population growth and with the growth of certain economies around the world where more and more people are demanding water not only for their own personal use, but also for commercial use – there is an increased stress on the system. So we look at it from a macroeconomic standpoint and say there’s has got to be something we could do to help here.
So this team got together and said how could we apply technology to help all of the world of water, whether it’s managing water resources or helping people to better distribute the water or very importantly how to make more intelligent decisions on how to consume water.
So if I use one example as representative and I won’t give out their specific numbers because they share them on confidence with me of what they are doing, but as an example the country of Malta we were very fortunate to work with them, because of the work they were already doing and recognizing that water is extremely important to the people, the citizens of Malta and the visitors, but very importantly as they continue to grow their economy an increased availability of water is going to be critical to that.
What they told me, 100% of the water comes from rain catchments that’s about 55-60% of the total supply and about 40% or 50%, it varies, I believe, during the year is seawater from the Mediterranean Sea that’s desalinated, purified, and then distributed. Now, as I had the benefit of coming and visiting some of their desalination centers and purification centers, and they were already using state-of-the-art technology.
Now in the future will there be a better technology with nanotechnology and other on filtration systems? Very likely; so it’s great to be able to work with some people who already on the leading edge of pushing the technology to it’s boundaries.
The second is how you would distribute that water, because today water in almost all cities and regions of the world or countries in the world is heavily subsidized by tax payers. Consumers don’t really realize the true cost of water because the price…
Water is free. You just turn the tap and there it is.
It is so inexpensive the monthly bill that people perceive it to be free, but in reality the cost is much higher that what they are being charged. With governments – city, regional, federal governments around the world being stressed because there’s a gap between the taxes they collect and the amount that they are spending is not a sustainable economic model.
So eventually water will have more and more market prices and for decades, now I have been projecting personally. This is my own personal opinion that the price of a barrel of water will far exceed the price of a barrel of oil. And what’s important is we can live without a barrel of oil, we’ve got alternatives to oil. It’s going to take a while to develop those, but we don’t know really have alternatives to water that we have to drink and survive whether it’s animals or human beings in that category.
Because I saw in a statistic recently that it takes 16,000 liters of water to produce one kilo a beef.
It is expensive and the other thing I found recently and it takes quite a few liters of water to produce a one liter of beer.
I’ll give up the beef, I won’t give up with the beer.
I happen to be a real big fan of one of your Irish beverages.
Yes, the Guinness is just absolutely wonderful, but think about this and Malta is pretty representative of many other countries. We create this purified drinkable water very expensively on a per liter basis, we distribute it, our water systems are very old, many times measured in centuries not just decades.
There’s leaks in the system, so there’s loss of water in the distribution system, loss of water when they get in to the buildings – the residential homes or commercial buildings, loss in the building is pretty bad also from a health standpoint because it creates mould which has adverse affect on the living beings that are in that home or that commercial building; but, very importantly when you think about we designed our plumbing systems that assume as you pointed out water is free.
So we use it for all sorts and I was shocked as I talked to the CEOs of different water utility companies around the world that’s a very higher percentage of water that’s just flushed down the toilet; a very significant part and that when you look at the majority of it that’s actually going for irrigation for the grasses and lawns, or for the flowerbeds, for vegetable gardens, for trees, for irrigation, for farms, it’s a very high percentage. None of it really needs the quality of potable water that we have.
So there’s a disconnect there between the amount that’s flushed down the toilet and what could be used for irrigation purposes?
And the interesting thing, as I was in Malta meeting with some of the government leaders and the business leaders in Malta and on my flight back to the United States the airline had copies of the Financial Times and I was reading through a section and it was a Middle East country, I believe it was Qatar back in about April had a paid section that they put in and talked about the different parts the government one of which is water management.
I taught that it was just absolutely visionary what they are doing because the leaders in Qatar were setting goals for the future, they wanted to able to — every time they created a liter of a drinkable water, they want to able to use that liter seven times before they dispose of that.
Now, so that’s a great vision. Now the question is from our system today that use the water once in 95% plus of the cases, how can we get to a case where we are satisfy a vision like Qatar has of using it seven times?
Certainly a new plumping system would do, but another thing is if we have the intelligent sensors of where the water is being used, then we can people aware of their consumption habits are we’ve certainly seen that in hybrid vehicles that when they no what their patrol consumption is they try to optimize that and change behavior.
Now if we can make that information available to the consuming public and also if they know what the real cost of water is and the benefits, we think we can precipitate some of that change.
So that’s what we are doing and for the smart water grid in Malta, we’ve signed several other deals and just issued press release earlier this week, one for the lower Colorado River Authority, which is a watershed in Texas supplying water to central Texas.
One is in Japan with a water utility, one is in Australia, and then there’s a variety of other projects anywhere from working on the Hudson River in New York, which has in its 1960s and 1970s, unfortunately, became very polluted.
To be able to place sensors through the river to identify when various chemicals – whether it’s agricultural runoff, industrial chemicals, personal use chemicals, because people are using medications, but they eventually flow out of you body, usually get flushed down the toilet, but they end up not being separated during the water purification process for sewage, and when they do the sewage processes it mixes in the river.
So if we put sensors in the river, we can identify the source and start to mitigate the pollution problem by hitting it at the source as soon as possible.
You did a project in Galway Bay in Ireland as well.
Yeah, absolutely, and as you know being Irish the Bay in Galway is probably the major source of economic growth for the city of Galway and the surrounding region, whether it’s the fisheries which depend on the quality of the water, they have better catches if the water quality is better; to Galway is one of the major import and export centers, the ports in Ireland so the commerce of the country of Ireland is very dependent upon the success of it.
Vacationers, people like to bathe in Galway Bay, so by putting sensors throughout on buoys throughout the Bay we are able to capture information and help Ireland be the first country to start satisfying a European regulation where this data has to be captured and made available to the public immediately, so they can make decisions. One of the things that we measure is E. coli high concentrations.
If the concentration level is below what the Health Department determines is acceptable or the EPA in Ireland they say bathers feel free to go in. Now people can make that decision rather than waiting for a notice and perhaps missing it in the newspaper, going swimming, and then ending up with some health problems.
John, that’s been great. Thanks, for taking the time to come on the show.
Oh! It’s a pleasure. Thank you for coming here to this event.
I attended IBM’s eighth annual Software Analyst Connect (#Connect09) last week in Connecticut. The theme of the event was “IBM Software for a Smarter Planet”.
You have to admire IBM for coming up with the Smart Planet branding strategy. Now anything Smart (Smart Cities, Smart Water even Smart Work) is automatically, subconsciously associated with IBM.
The Connect 09 event itself was superb. The delegates were all analysts and I was humbled to be in the company of so many really bright people.
It was a two day affair broken up into a healthy mix of keynotes, breakout sessions, round tables, an appliance showcase and chats with experts. The content level was very high and the networking opportunities were off the charts (I had face time with Steve Mills, Al Zollar, Sandy Carter and John Soyring (in the video above) to name-drop but a few).
The breakout sessions had titles like:
- IBM’s Industry Frameworks and Solutions for a Smarter Planet
- Driving Smarter Business Outcomes with Analytics and Information and
- Smart Work and Dynamically Adaptive Collaboration
So while the content was quite in-depth and at times extremely technical, unfortunately there wasn’t a strong emphasis on sustainability. This is no big surprise as this was never billed as a sustainability-related event.
Having said that IBM’s larger Smarter Planet strategy talks very much to the Internet of Things vision where everything is instrumented with RFID tags or sensors and inter-connected which has massive potential implications for making the world more sustainable.
Then the talks from Steve Mills referenced IBM’s work with utilities in the Smart Grid arena and the development of the SAFE Framework while John Soyring talked up IBM’s work around the world on Smart Water initiatives.
The one use of the Smart X lingo which IBM use and I do object to is Smart Oilfields. The thinking goes that Smart Oilfields are ones that extract oil more efficiently from the ground. I’m sorry, but CO2 is a pollutant which is endangering all life on this planet. Anything which helps put more CO2 into the atmosphere, cannot be very smart.
It was spectacular to get a chance to record my chat with John Soyring about IBM’s work on water globally. Take 10 minutes to watch the video above. You’ll be glad you did.
Full disclosure, IBM is a client and paid my airfare (economy) to attend the event, accommodation and all delegates received a gift of a solar phone charger.
I attend a lot of conferences.
The two most recent ones I was at were both run by SAP. The first was the International SAP for Utilities conference in Munich, the second was the SAP TechEd conference in Vienna. Both events were very interesting for a variety of reasons but both conferences left a nasty (dry) taste in my mouth because the only water available to drink was bottled water!
What is the big deal about using bottled water, you ask?
Well, according to Food and Water Watch:
Bottled water wastes fossil fuels and water in production and transport, and when the water is drunk the bottles become a major source of waste. It takes more than 47 million gallons of oil to produce plastic water bottles for Americans every year. Eliminating those bottles would be like taking 100,000 cars off the road and 1 billion pounds of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. Each one of those bottles required nearly five times its volume in water to manufacture the plastic and may have caused the release of nickel, ethylene oxide, and benzene. Then, rather than being recycled, 86 percent of them are thrown away. Breaking down these plastics can take thousands of years, while their components seep into our water supplies.
And don’t just take their word for it, check out the NRDC’s page on bottled water. See also Lighterfootstep.com’s 5 Reasons not to drink Bottled Water and even Wikipedia’s entry on bottled water vs tap water, which tells us amongst other things that:
In the United States, bottled water costs between $0.25 and $2 per bottle while tap water costs less than US$0.01. In 1999, according to a NRDC study, U.S. consumers paid between 240 and 10,000 times more per unit volume for bottled water than for tap water. According to Bottledwaterblues.com, about 90% of manufacturer’s costs is from making the bottle, label, and cap.
What’s worse, a significant proportion of bottled water is simply tap water which has been bottled! No, really. Both Aquafina from PepsiCo and Dasani from The Coca-Cola Company originate from municipal water systems, for example!
Despite all that, an estimated 50 billion bottles of water are consumed per annum in the US and around 200 billion bottles globally.
Come on SAP. You are working hard on improving your sustainability message. And by and large are doing a good job at it but really, bottled water? In 2009?
Here’s my challenge to SAP (and all conference organisers) – make commitment that you will never again run a conference at a venue that can’t provide water dispensing machines, instead of bottled water.
Seriously, if you are negotiating with a venue about holding your event and you mention that that is a dealbreaker, they’ll provide the machines.
I had a lot of content to get through on the Energy and Sustainability show today (but it was all great stuff!) so I had to go at quite a clip. Above is the video from this week’s show and see the chatstream below:
03:26 Tom Raftery: Hey all, kicking off the show in a couple of minutes
03:30 @jimjar: Hi Tom. Tuning in for the first time.
03:31 Tom Raftery: Quick audio/video check – anyone see/hear me/
03:31 kcorrick: Can hear you and see you.
03:31 @jimjar: No
03:33 @jimjar: You’ve still not come back
03:34 Tom Raftery: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/jul/22/europes-biggest-carbon-polluter-coal
03:35 Tom Raftery: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/jul/22/kingsnorth-protest-police-tactics
03:36 @jimjar: Glitch seems to be my end – you’re back
03:37 Tom Raftery: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/jul/23/police-arrests-vestas-protests
03:38 Tom Raftery: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/jul/27/big-green-gathering-climate-camp
03:40 Tom Raftery: http://www.worldchanging.com/archives/010174.html
03:42 Tom Raftery: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/jul/26/climate-change-obama-administration
03:42 [email protected]: We have tickets for the BGG – very disappointed about the late announcement. Seems designed to destroy the festival for the future also.
03:44 Tom Raftery: http://www.mmu.ac.uk/news/news-items/news-detail.php?id=1066
03:45 Tom Raftery: http://planetgreen.discovery.com/work-connect/magic-number-save-planet.html
03:47 Tom Raftery: http://www.treehugger.com/files/2009/07/london-2012-olympics-targets-for-walking-cycling-public-transportation.php
03:48 Tom Raftery: http://earth2tech.com/2009/07/20/doe-rolls-out-47m-for-smart-grid-demos-unveils-first-smart-grid-status-report/
03:49 Tom Raftery: http://www.treehugger.com/files/2009/07/vancouver-burrard-bridge-bike-bicycle-lane-trial.php
03:50 Tom Raftery: http://www.lifesaversystems.com/aboutus.html
03:51 Tom Raftery: http://www.ecofriend.org/entry/eco-tech-trashed-lcd-screens-have-medicinal-value-study
03:52 Tom Raftery: http://www.sust-it.net/home.php
03:54 Tom Raftery: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/jul/22/wine-animals
03:55 Tom Raftery: http://www.insidethebottle.org/finland-study-finds-tap-water-purer-bottled-water
03:56 Tom Raftery: http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2009/07/22/fair-trade-chocolate-hits-mainstream
03:58 Tom Raftery: http://en.cop15.dk/news/view%20news?newsid=1748
03:59 Tom Raftery: http://dornob.com/shipping-eco-friendly-products-in-multifunctional-packages/
04:00 Tom Raftery: http://www.treehugger.com/files/2009/07/fedex-converts-92-delivery-trucks-to-diesel-electric-hybrids.php
04:00 Tom Raftery: http://www.intent.com/michellecook/blog/mosquito-free-naturally
04:02 Tom Raftery: http://www.thedailyshow.com/watch/tue-july-21-2009/steven-chu
04:03 @jimjar: Great round-up, Tom, and love the format. Thanks! Will definitely try to tune in again soon.
04:04 Mrinal: Thanks Tom, enjoyed the show as always, enjoy your vacation
04:04 [email protected]: Good show – have a good holiday.
04:05 Tom Raftery: Thanks jimjar – glad you enjoyed it!
04:13 cgarvey: Missed the start and the end, but am catching up on the links and will get the recorded version later. Thanks, as always, Tom!
07:13 Tom Raftery: Thanks everyone for taking the time out to watch the show
I had the good fortune to have a chat with IBM Director of Strategy Drew Clark recently. We had a great talk covering how to get noticed by the IBM Venture Capital group, water and energy projects and trends in sustainability globally.
We even speculated on the likelihood of demand response systems being rolled out for water management.